Singapore

Education

 

 

Singapore Student Travel

 

 

Founded in 1819 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, Singapore was a British colony until 1959, when it became autonomous within the Commonwealth. On Sept. 16, 1963, it joined with Malaya, Sarawak, and Sabah to form the Federation of Malaysia. Tensions between Malayans, dominant in the federation, and ethnic Chinese, dominant in Singapore , led to an agreement under which Singapore became a separate nation, Aug. 9, 1965.
Singapore is one of the world's largest ports. Standards in health, education, and housing are high. International banking has grown. The government, dominated by a single party, has taken strong actions to suppress dissent.

 

 

People: Population: 3,396,924. Age distrib. (%): <15: 23; 65+: 7. Pop. density: 13,753 per sq. mi. Urban: 100%. Ethnic groups: Chinese 76%, Malay 15%, Indian 6%. Principal languages: Chinese, Malay, Tamil, English (all official). Religions: Buddhist and Taoist, Muslim, Christian, Hindu.
Geography: Area: 247 sq. mi. Location: Off tip of Malayan Peninsula in SE Asia. Neighbors: Nearest are Malaysia on N, Indonesia on S. Topography: Singapore is a flat, formerly swampy island. The nation includes 40 nearby islets. Capital: Singapore .
Government: Type: Republic. Head of state: Pres. Ong Teng Cheong; b Jan 22, 1936; in office: Sept. 2, 1993. Head of government: Prime Min. Goh Chok Tong; b May 20, 1941; in office: Nov. 28, 1990. Defense: 6% of GDP (1993 est.). Active troop strength: 53,900 est.
Economy: Industries: Shipbuilding, oil refining, electronics, banking, food and rubber processing, biotechnology. Arable land: 4%. Fish catch (1994): 11,000 metric tons. Electricity prod. (1993): 17 bil kWh. Labor force: 34% finance, business, other serv.; 26% manuf.; 23% comm.
Finance: Monetary unit: Dollar (June 1996: 1.41 = $1 US). Gross domestic product (1994): $57 bln.* Per capita GDP: $19,940. Imports (1994): $102.4 bln.; partners: Japan 22%, Malaysia 16%, U.S. 15%, Taiwan 4%. Exports (1994): $96.4 bln.; partners: Malaysia 20%, U.S. 19%, Hong Kong 9%, Japan 7%. Tourism (1993): $5.8 bil. National budget (FY 1993-94): $10.5 bil. International reserves (Mar. 1996): $70.3 bil. Consumer prices (change in 1995): 1.7%.
Transport: Motor vehicles: in use: 341,000 passenger cars, 134,000 comm. vehicles. Civil aviation: 28 bil passenger-mi.; 1 airport. Chief port: Singapore .
Communications: Television sets: 1 per 4.5 persons. Radios: 1 per 3.6 persons. Telephones: 1 per 2.3 persons. Daily newspaper circ.: 350 per 1,000 pop.
Health: Life expectancy at birth (1996): 75 male; 81 female. Births (per 1,000 pop.): 16. Deaths (per 1,000 pop.): 5. Natural increase: 1.2%. Hospital beds: 1 per 275 persons. Physicians: 1 per 693 persons. Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births 1996): 5.
Education: Literacy (1993): 91%.
Major International Organizations: UN (WTO, IMF, WHO), the Commonwealth, ASEAN.
Embassy: 3501 International Pl. NW 20008; 537-3100.



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